His performance as a nude black woman
cake with a Golliwog face was successful
at creating outrage.
Swedish artist Makode Linde created controversy with his cake – an art
piece about the practice of
female genital mutilation, shown at the Museum of Modern art in Sweden.
The cake screams when you cut her
The cake was sliced open by the Swedish
Minister of Culture, Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth.
Florence Kate Upton’s 1895 book "The Adventures
of Two Dutch Dolls and a Golliwogg"
Mr. Linde has used the image of the golliwog in his art, which comes
from the blackface tradition and was popularized by a black doll called a
Said Mr. Linde:
"If people can get
this upset from a woman cutting a cake, can’t they use that energy
towards the real battle towards female genital mutilation," he says. "I
do understand it is a serious subject and when you mix a serious subject
with a light topic like cake people can get upset, but I like humor in
my work because [the topics are] depressing and something I have to deal
with everyday. People drop their defenses when they can joke about
He also explained that he often infuses his
work with a strain of Swedish humor that is very dark and cynical.
"From my point of view this humor is a way to cope with horrible facts,"
he says. "When I’m trying to tell my friends stories of horrible things
I often use some humor to make it palatable." He says Swedes, though he
points out he doesn’t claim to speak for all Swedes, don’t like to take
themselves too seriously.
Makode Linde and his "Afromantics" sculptures
– Makode Delinde>>
– Controversial Afro-Swedish Artist Speaks, "It’s a Disturbing Picture But It’s Also a Disturbing Subject", Hyperallergic>>
– The Brilliance of Sweden’s Shocking Golliwog Cake, The Atlantic>>
– The Adventures of two Dutch Dolls and a "Golliwogg", Gutenberg>>