"...is not simply saying what you believe to be false. Philosophers have made several suggestions for what the additional condition might be... I argue that none of the existing definitions of lying identify a necessary condition on lying. I claim that lying is saying what you believe to be false when you believe that the following norm of conversation is in effect: "Do not say what you believe to be false" - Don Fallis Read his paper (pdf file)>>Do you want your message to reach all the readers of Deceptology? Place your own text here and your ad will appear after all 3,300+ posts. Click on Deceptology Advertising Rates to find out more.